Friday, November 12, 2010
IN THE NEWS- DENSE DEPOSIT DISEASE AND MGUS?
All 10 patients had a serum monoclonal spike of IgG k or lambda and then had a biopsy proven dense deposit disease.
A presumptive pathophysiology is mentioned: Perhaps the MGUS leads to activation of formation of Antibodies of Factor H or regulators of complement activators. This can be compounded by H402 Allele of Factor H that is making it second hit for DDD. This leads to dysregulated complement activation and a full blown C3 glomerulopathy and dense deposit disease.
Most of these 10 patients either had a low alternative pathway , autoantibody to factor H or heterozygosity to H402 allele of Factor H. MGUS is associated with this phenomenon or just another bystander and nothing to do with DDD, is not clear. 4 of their 10 patients became ESRD, 2 are CKD and remaining are a recent diagnosis. So its unclear if this DDD is behaving like the classic DDD with quick progression to ESRD.
Interesting observation and something to keep in mind.
Image source: Imperial College, London, UK
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