I now am re-doing the post on using calcium to prevent pre-eclampsia using artificial intelligence website- https://chat.openai.com/chat
Prompt: Can calcium prevent PEC?
Calcium supplementation has been shown to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia in pregnant women who have low dietary calcium intake or are at high risk for pre-eclampsia. However, it is important to note that calcium supplementation is not a guaranteed prevention method for pre-eclampsia and should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that pregnant women receive at least 1,500 mg of calcium per day, either through diet or supplementation, to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia. In cases where dietary calcium intake is insufficient, calcium supplements may be recommended.
It is important to note that pre-eclampsia is a complex condition that can have various causes, and calcium supplementation alone may not prevent it in all cases. Other preventative measures such as maintaining a healthy lifestyle, attending regular prenatal checkups, and managing pre-existing health conditions can also help reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia.
Several studies have investigated the effectiveness of calcium supplementation in preventing pre-eclampsia. Here are some key findings:
A Cochrane review of 13 randomized controlled trials involving over 15,000 women found that calcium supplementation reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia by 55% in women with low calcium intake and by 24% in women at high risk for pre-eclampsia.
A meta-analysis of 21 trials involving over 23,000 women found that calcium supplementation reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia by 24%, with a greater effect seen in women with low dietary calcium intake.
A study published in the British Medical Journal found that calcium supplementation reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia by 66% in women with a history of pre-eclampsia.
Overall, the data suggests that calcium supplementation can be an effective preventative measure against pre-eclampsia, especially in women with low dietary calcium intake or a history of pre-eclampsia. However, it is important to note that calcium supplementation should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as excessive calcium intake can have adverse effects.
When I asked to provide references:
Sure, here are some references for the information I provided:
Hofmeyr GJ, Lawrie TA, Atallah AN, Duley L, Torloni MR. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;10(10):CD001059. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001059.pub5
Hofmeyr GJ, Manyame S, Medley N, Williams MJ, Kramer MS, Duley L. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, or food fortification with calcium, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;10(10):CD011192. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD011192.pub2
Villar J, Abdel-Aleem H, Merialdi M, et al. World Health Organization randomized trial of calcium supplementation among low calcium intake pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;194(3):639-649. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.10.831
Buppasiri P, Lumbiganon P, Thinkhamrop J, Ngamjarus C, Laopaiboon M. Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(2):CD007079. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007079.pub3
Levine RJ, Hauth JC, Curet LB, et al. Trial of calcium to prevent preeclampsia. N Engl J Med. 1997;337(2):69-76. doi:10.1056/NEJM199707103370201