Friday, December 10, 2010

Quiz 9 Answers

Which drug is paired incorrectly with the target molecule?
Rituximab -- CD20
Alemtuzumab -- CD52
Belatacept -- CD198
Belimumab --- TNFSF13B
Atacicept ---TACI-Ig

The correct answer is Belatacept CD198, that is incorrect pairing. Most of you got it right.
We all are familiar with Rituximab which is a B cell antagonist and since all B cells besides plasma cells are CD20 Positive, its an anti CD20. Alemtuzumab(campath) targets cd52 a protein present on the surface of mature lymphocytes. Atacicept(TACI-Ig) is a human recombinant fusion protein that comprises the binding portion of a receptor for both BLyS (B-Lymphocyte Stimulator) and APRIL (A PRoliferation-Inducing Ligand), two cytokines that have been identified as important regulators of B-cell maturation, function and survival. Atacicept has shown selective effects on cells of the B-cell lineage, acting on mature B cells and blocking plasma cells and late stages of B-cell development while sparing B-cell progenitors and memory cells. The efficacy of atacicept in animal models of autoimmune disease and the biological activity of atacicept in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been demonstrated. The selective inhibitor of T-cell costimulation, belatacept, blocks CD28-mediated T-cell activation by binding CD80 and CD86 on antigen-presenting cells. Understanding the extent to which belatacept binds to its targets in patients may enable correlation of belatacept exposure to receptor saturation as a pharmacodynamic measure of costimulation blockade.
Belimumab (registered name Benlysta previously known as LymphoStat-B), is a fully human monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes and inhibits the biological activity of B-Lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS), also known as B cell activation factor of the TNF family (BAFF).

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