Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Transplant Glomerulopathy

Transplant Glomerulopathy(TG) is a common biopsy finding that we see in kidney biopsies for proteinuria workup.The causes of TG are usually of similar to what causes secondary MPGN. Most of the time it turns out to be chronic antibody mediated rejection process. Pathologically, it is  defined by glomerular basement membrane duplication with peritubular capillary basement membrane multilayering (PTCML), and associated with anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies and C4d. 
A recent study in Transplantation 2010 issue talks about possible predictors of long term outcomes of pure TG cases. 36 cases were noted. Only 33% were c4D positive. but the  C4d-positive cases also showed a trend toward rapid graft loss. Interstitial fibrosis, PTCML, and arteriolar hyalinosis were significant predictors of graft survival in TG. C4d positivity was associated with a more rapid rate of function decline. eGFR slope data showed significant deterioration in graft function well before the diagnostic biopsy.


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