Tuesday, December 15, 2020

Topic Discussion: Remdesivir in CKD and ESRD patients- what is the data thus far

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs at a rate of 30-40% in hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ESKD are also common comorbidities in patients who develop severe COVID-19. Data on use of these agents in CKD and ESRD is limited. 

The active metabolite of remdesivir is eliminated by the kidneys and can accumulate in patients with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); moreover, the sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin (SBECD)carrier is known to accumulate in these patients

The largest clinical trials evaluating the use of this agent in COVID-19 excluded patients with stage 4 CKD or those requiring dialysis.

A multicenter study from Northwell health, BWH, MGH and U of Miami( of 18 patients) and a large study from India (46 patients) recently looked at use of remdesivir in CKD, AKI and ESKD patients. All patients studied had eGFR<30cc/min. 

In the USA study, treatment was well-tolerated, with few other AEs attributed to remdesivir. Five patients discontinued remdesivir early, only 2 of them due to AEs attributed to remdesivir (burning at IV site during the final dose and worsening kidney function); the remainder stopped due to improved clinical status (N=2) or patient preference (N=1). Overall 28-day mortality was 44% (8/18). Among patients requiring intensive care at the time of remdesivir initiation, 8 of 11 died. All 7 patients who were not requiring intensive care at baseline survived to 28 days.

In the India study, most patients tolerated the infusion well. Liver function remained stable in 28 (60.9%) cases. No patient had a severe rise in AST/ALT >5 times the upper limit of normal, therefore therapy was not required to be discontinued for this reason in any of the patients. No kidney function abnormalities attributable to drug were observed. Fourteen (30.4%) patients died, 24 (52.2%) patients were discharged from the hospital after recovery.



USA( Estiverne et al)

India ( Thakare et al)

Total # of AKI on dialysis



Total # of AKI non on dialysis


11( 5 transplant patients)

Total # of CKD patients



Total # of ESKD patients



LFT abnormalities attributed to agent



Remdesivir induced AKI



Got 5 days course



Got 10 days course



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